The timeline of The Persian Gulf War: From Saddam's Invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990 to The Cease-Fire in the Gulf on February 27, 1991.
August 2, 1990 . Iraq invades Kuwait with tanks.
U.S. condemns Iraq for its invasion . President Bush cuts off trade with
Iraq and freezes its assets . USS Independence and battle group heads to the
Arabian Sea. Russia condemns invasion.
August 3 . President Bush promises aid to Saudi
Arabia. Arab League condemns Iraq.
August 4 . Iraq troops close to Saudi border.
Members of the E.U. join the United States in an oil embargo against Iraq.
Iraq troops seizes 35 British soldiers in Kuwait.
August 5 . President Bush sends Defense Secretary
Dick Cheney to Saudi Arabia. China halts arms sales to Iraq.
August 6 . U.N. prohibits trade with Iraq. Iraq
builds up forces on the Saudi border.
August 7 . President Bush sends U.S. Troops to
Saudi Arabia ; Troops consist of the 82nd Airborne, elements of the 24th
Infantry Division and members of the 101st Airborne Division.
August 8 . Saddam Hussein annexes Kuwait.
August 9 . Arab Summit held in Cairo. France will
send aircraft to the Gulf.
August 10 . Arab leader agree to help
Saudis. Iraq bans Westerners from crossing border into Jordan.
August 11 . Egypt sends troops to aid Saudis.
August 12 . President Bush orders interception of
August 14 . President Bush orders call up of
20,000 Reservist for Saudi Arabia.
August 16 . President Bush orders U.S. Navy to
enforce embargo. King Hussein meet with President Bush.
August 17 . Iraq detains Western citizens.
August 18 . USS Read fires shots at Iraqi tanker.
Iraq considers embargo and act of war.
August 19 . U.S. Build-up in Saudi Arabia consists
of 101st Airborne Division, 82nd Airborne Division, 24th Infantry
Division,1st Support Corps Command, 197th Infantry Brigade, 11th Artillery
Brigade and the 3rd Armored Calvary Regiment.
August 21 . Syria sends 1,200 troops to Saudi
August 22 President Bush orders mobilization of
August 24 . Pentagon will call up 46,700 Reservists.
August 25 . 35,000 U.S. Troops and 45,000 U.S.
Marines in Saudi Arabia.
August 27 . U.N. approves force to stop trade with
Iraq. U.S. expels 36 at Iraq Embassy.
August 29 . Saddam Hussein vows to stay in Kuwait.
September 1 . 5,000 Pakistani troops sent to Saudi
September 2 . 47 hostages return to the United
States from Iraq. 200 British hostages return home to Britain.
September 4 . U.S. Navy seizes Iraqi freighter in
the Gulf of Oman.
September 5 . Saddam Hussein urges holy war
against the West.
September 7 . 171 American flown from Kuwait to
September 8 . Egypt pledges more troops to defend
September 9 . Bush-Gorbachev meet for summit ;They
talk about the Persian Gulf Crises. 100,000 U.S. troops, 7,000 French
troops, and several thousands Arab Troops stationed in Saudi Arabia.
September 10 . Iraq restores ties with Iran.
September 11 . U.S. accuses Cuba and Romania of
striking oil deals with Iraq.
September 12 . Ayatollah Ali Khamenei of Iran
calls for holy war on U.S. troop presence in the Gulf. 500 Specialist called
out of retirement for Gulf duty.
September 13 . Syria will send 10,000 troops to
September 14 . Iraqis storm British, French,
Canadian and Belgian embassies in Kuwait. U.S. fires warning shots at Iraqi
September 16 . President Bush tells Iraqi people
"That war is near". Egypt will send 15,000 more troops; Pakistan will send
September 17 . General Michael J. Dugan is fired
for giving interview.
September 20 . U.S. transport ship sent to gulf.
Saddam tapes a message for the American public saying "He will fight for
September 21 . Iraq expels Western diplomats.
September 23 . Iraq threatens to hit Israeli oil
September 25 . U.N. approves air blockade of Iraq
September 27 . President Bush orders release of
nations oil reserves.
September 29 . Member of the French Foreign Legion
arrive in Saudi Arabia. The United States will have 165,000 troops, France
will have 13,000 troops , Britain 3,000 troops from the 7th Armored Brigade
in the region, and Egypt will have 14,000 more.
October 2 . The U.S. Senate will back President
Bush on action.
October 3 . Saddam Hussein will make 1st trip to
Kuwait since August 2
October 5 . Mikhail Gorbachev rules out sending
any Russian troops to the Gulf.
October 7 . Members of the 519th Military Police
Battalion, from Ft. Meade, will be sent to Saudi Arabia. Russia evacuates
citizens from Iraq.
October 12 . U.S. Forces in Gulf tops 200,000
October 13 . Members of the National Guard 743rd
Maintenance Company, from Florida, deployed to the Gulf.
October 14 . Iran and Iraq restores ties.
October 16 . President Bush heckled by protesters
in Des Moines.
October 17 . Senators want President Bush to come
to them before launching a military strike. Britain takes tough stand
October 19 . Iraq will ration gasoline.
October 20 . 4,000 rally in Columbus Circle N.Y.,
200 in Washington, and several other cities against the possible invasion of
October 21 . U.S. ship fires warning shots at
Iraqi merchant ship.
October 22 . Iraq prepares to free dozens of U.S. hostages from Iraq
October 23 . 14 Americans freed from Iraq.
October 25 . U.S. may send another 100,000 troops
to the Gulf.
October 27 . Soviets get U.N. to delay Anti-Iraq
October 28 . U.S. Marines board Iraqi tanker and
October 29 . United Nations find Iraq liable for
October 30 . Boiler room fire kills 10 sailors in
the Persian Gulf.
November 3 . Secretary of State James Baker tours
7 nations for Gulf action.
November 4 . Secretary of State James Baker visits
troops in the Arabian Desert.
November 6 . Japan vows it will not send troops to
Saudi Arabia. U.S. calls up combat reservist from: 824 Marines Corps and 24
members 4th Combat Engineers Battalion.
November 7 . Saddam Hussein meets with Former West
Germany Minister Willy Brandt and releases 100 German prisoners.
November 8 . President Bush orders troop build-up of 200,000 in the
Gulf. Troops Gulf-Bound units include:1st Armored Division,3rd Armored Division,1st Infantry Division,7th Corps
Headquarters, Brigade of the 2nd Armored Division,2nd Armored Calvary
Regiment, and other combat support units,2nd Marine Expeditionary Force,5th Marine Expeditionary
Brigade, Marine Prepositioning Ship Squadron, Three Aircraft Escorts,
Battleship Missouri and Appropriate Escort, Amphibious Group 3,48th Mechanized Infantry Brigade,155th Armored Brigade,258th Mechanized Infantry Brigade.
November 9 . 300 military reservist called to
November 13 . Senators call for emergency session
on the Persian Gulf Crises.
November 14 . Pentagon raises reserve and Guard
Units to 72,500.
November 17 . President Bush asks Prague for
support of Gulf action.
November 18 . Saddam Hussein vows to release all
November 19 . Iraq sends 250,000 more troops to
November 20 . U.S. tries to win Soviet support on
November 22 . President spend Thanksgiving Day in
Saudi Arabia with 230,000 U.S. Troops.
November 24 . U.S. ready to seek U.N. vote for use
of force in the Gulf.
November 25 . U.S. gives Iraqi deadline January
deadline to withdrawal from Kuwait.
November 26 . 10,567 reservist called to duty.
November 28 . Secretary of State Baker confers
with China, Cuba, and the Soviet Union at the United Nations
November 29 . United Nations ok's use of force
after the January 15th deadline. U.S. dispatches 300 warplanes to the Gulf.
November 30 . President Bush offer to send
Secretary of State James Baker to Bagdad.
December 1 . Iraq agrees to visit James Baker
December 5 . U.S.-Iraq prepare to hold talks.
December 6 . Saddam Hussein calls for hostage
December 8 . Iraq rejects January 15 timetable.
December 10 . 380 British hostages freed from Iraq.
December 11 . British Parliament backs Gulf
December 13 . Last of hostages freed from Iraq.
December 15 . Iraq to set date on meeting with
Secretary of State James Baker.
December 17 . Consciousness objector found guilty.
December 19 . U.S. Commanders say "January 15 too
soon to attack".
December 20 . Former British Prime Minister Edward
Heath speaks out on U.S. Gulf Policy.
December 21 . Defense Secretary Dick Cheney promise
U.S. Troops total victory.
December 23 . Iraqi Officials say" U.S. must make
December 24 . Iraq removes its ambassadors from
December 25 . U.S. Troops spend Christmas in the
December 26 . Peace activist ship turned back by
U.S. and western ships.
December 27 . Iraq sends its ambassadors back to
posts in Europe. President will not compromise with Iraq.
December 28 . 17 ship armada ,with 16,000 U.S.
Marines and sailors set sail for the Persian Gulf.
December 29 . Saddam Hussein vows not to quit
Kuwait. Iraq sends 100,000 troops on the Turkish border.
December 30 . Congressional leaders suggest
diplomatic talks with Iraq. 11 peace activist arrested for trying to climb
the White House fence.
December 31 . Vice-President Dan Quayle visits
troops in Saudi Arabia.
January 2 , 1991 . Iraq will leave Kuwait under
January 3 . President Bush will make last attempt
at peace talks.
January 5 . Iraq rejects talks with European
January 6 . Saddam tells the Iraqi Army to prepare
January 7 . Iraqis defect to Saudi Arabia.
January 9 . U.S.- Iraq talks fail to end war
January 10 . Secretary of State James Baker goes
to The Gulf to discuss war with the Saudis.
January 11 . Saddam says "His troops are ready to
fight the United States".
January 12 . Congress gives President Bush the
right to use force. U.S. diplomats leave Bagdad. U.S. Embassy staff to leave
Iraq. Peace rallies spread across Europe: 30,000 in Berlin, 50,000 in Paris,
42,000 in Hyde Park, and 30,000 in Rome.
January 15 . U.S. ready to launch attacks. Iraq
defies deadline. 1,000 protestors in front of the White House shout anti-war
slogans. Ten of thousands rally against war.
January 16 . U.S. forces goes to war in the Gulf.
January 16.President tells the public the United States is at
war. Missiles from 4 nations hit key targets in Iraq and Kuwait. British jets are among the first to hit Iraq. Anti-War protest around the U.S. and the globe.
January 17.Iraq missiles hit Israel. U.S.
planes take off from Saudi Arabia attack the Iraqi Republican
Guard, missile sites in Western Iraq and chemical and biological facilities. U.S. strikes at facilities in Basra. U.S. and Coalition
forces move to the Southern border of
Kuwait. Iraq artillery shells the Saudi city of Khafji. U.S. Patriot missile knocks down a Iraqi
scuds in Saudi
Arabia. One U.S. plane, two British planes and 1 Kuwaiti lost.
January 18.Israel hit by another
scud missile. U.S. and Allied
warplanes begin Search-and-Destroy Missions in Iraq.1,600 Anti-War protestors across the United States and the
House votes for military action in the Gulf 399-6.
January 19.U.S. Recon missions in Western Iraq search for
scuds .U.S. and Allied troops begin bombing on Iraq Troop Contrations.B52 Bombers and F1A-18 Hornet
Fighters in the City of
Basra. The USS Nicholas Army Helicopters and a Kuwaiti patrol boat cripple Iraqi
forces operating from Kuwaiti oil platform.25,000 Anti-War protestors march from the White House to the Martin Luther King Library. Anti-War Protest around the
January 20.U.S.intercepts Iraqi
missile attacks on two Saudi cities. U.S. aircraft attack Iraq.3,000 war supporters demonstrate in New York
City. Protestors in Syria and Egypt Iraq.
January 21.U.S.Intercepts Iraqi
missile attack. U.S. pilot rescued in the Iraqi Desert.
January 22. Iraqi
missile hits Tel Aviv killing 3.Iraq sets fire to Kuwaiti Oil Fields.4 Navy A-6
warplanes attack Iraq.
missile repelled in Saudi Arabia.
January 24.Iraqi Jets
downed. Saudi F-15 planes shoot down two Iraqi planes. Allied airstrikes against the Republican
Guard. Allied forces and Iraqi forces clash at the Kuwaiti Island Quruh.
January 25.Iraq attacks Tel Aviv and Riyadh killing 2.
January 26.Oil spills spread throughout the Gulf.75,000 demonstrate against War in the
Gulf. Thousand protest around the world. Scud attack in Saudi Arabia. A car bomb explodes in Turkey.U.S.Marines fire at Iraqi positions 27 miles Southwest of Kuwaiti
City. Allied bombers hit desert positions.
January 27.U.S. bombs strike at stopping oil spill.
Two U.S. F-15s engage 4 Iraq MIG-23s Southwest of Bagdad. British pilots hit
January 28. 60 jets flee to Iran. Scud missile fired
into West Bank. Iraqi ground fire downs U.S. pilot.
January 29. Soviets offer cease-fire .U.S.
attack Iraqi convoy in Kuwait near the Saudi Arabia border. Allied Air Force
shoots down Iraqi MIG.
January 30. Iraqi troops cross the Saudi Arabia
border. 12 U.S. Marines die in battle. Iraqis fight to hold town of Khafji
in Saudi Arabia.
January 31. Allied troops recapture town of Khafji. Scud hits West Bank. Saudi
troops and U.S. Marines recapture
town.AC-130 shot down in enemy territory.
February 1. U.S. Tomahawk Missile hits Bagdad.
More oil spills in the Gulf. Allied air campaign against the Republican
Guard. Battles in Wafra, Kuwait and Khaji.
February 2. Scud Missiles hit Israel. Scud Missile
hits Riyadh. Two U.S. planes shot down.
February 4. Four Marine jets attack 25 to 30 Iraqi
tanks across the Border. USS Missouri attack Iraqi bunkers.
February 5. USS Missouri attack Iraqi
batteries in Kuwait. Ten more planes retreat to Iran. French planes and U.S.
B-52s bomb Bagdad and Takrit.
February 6. U.S. shoots down two Iraqi
headed for Iran. U.S. airstrikes attack the Republican Guard.
February 7. USS Wisconsin blasts Iraqi
February 8. Scud Missile fired at Tel Aviv. U.S.
Aircraft bomb missile launchers in Western Iraq.USS Wisconsin hit piers and
boats used by Iraq. U.S. Marines blast Iraqi artillery positions near the
UMM Gudar Oil Fields in Kuwait.
February 9. Sporadic fighting along the
Kuwait-Saudi Border. Allied warplanes attack Iraq destroying 750 tanks, 650
artillery pieces, and 600 armored personal carriers.
February 10. U.S. planes attack the Republican
Guard on the Iraq-Kuwait Border ,Bridges and highways to supply them. U.S.
Airstrikes on Iraq hit two government buildings.
February 11. Two scuds fired into Israel. Scud
fired into Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Allied planes hit Basra hard British navy helicopter hits Iraqi
February 12. Land-Air-Sea battles in Southern Kuwait.
Allied Airstrikes hit two government buildings in Iraq.